NEW DELHI: The national capital continued to reel under pollution with the air quality oscillating between ‘poor’ and ‘very poor’ categories on Tuesday due to local pollutants and witnessed a hazy morning as a thick blanket of smog engulfed the region.
According to the Indian Meteorological (IMD) forecasts, partly cloudy skies will prevail throughout the day with the possibility of mist and shallow to moderate fog in the morning.
As per the report, on Tuesday the minimum temperature is hovering at 11 degree Celsius and the day temperature will be around 26 degree Celsius. The humidity will oscillate between 70 per cent to 73 per cent.
According to the report from the System of Air Quality Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) on Tuesday, the overall Air Quality Index (AQI) was recorded at 329 which is considered as ‘very poor’ category.
An AQI between 0-50 is considered as “good”, 51-100 as “satisfactory”, 101-200 as “moderate”, 201-300 as “poor”, 301- 400 as “very poor”, and 401-500 as “severe”.
“The weather condition in the national capital will remain unfavourable. Surface winds are moderate and temperature with mist is prevailing. The inversion layer is likely to come down during the night. There is a possibility of formation of radiation fog as the sky is clear with enough humidity and cool vicinity”, said SAFAR in a statement.
People residing in Delhi and National capital are reeling under the impact of breathing polluted air due to vehicular pollution, crop residue burning and climate change. They are using mask and scarves to cover their nose from the cocktail of dust and smog.
The medical practitioners across the city have advised people, who are suffering from breathing difficulties to avoid outside activities and recommended to use the mask.
They also advised that to drink enough water to avoid dehydration and have fresh fruits and vegetables, which contain antioxidant to boost the immunity.
On Monday, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) asked the Delhi government to deposit Rs 25 crore with the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) for their failure to curb the problem of pollution in the city.
A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel was hearing pleas filed by Mundka village resident Satish Kumar and Tikri-Kalan native Mahavir Singh.
They alleged, pollution caused by burning of plastic, leather, rubber, motor engine oil and other waste materials and continuous operation of illegal industrial units dealing with such articles on agricultural lands in Mundka and Neelwal villages.
Taking cognizance of the prevailing situation, a bench headed by National Green Tribunal (NGT) Charman Justice Adarash Kumar Goel, on November 13, formed a committee to keep an eye on the activities leading to degradation of the environment.
The tribunal has appointed formal Delhi High court judge Justice S P Garg to oversee the working of the newly formed committee.
The Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) and the CPCB have deployed different teams across the Delhi NCR to monitor proper implementation of norms enforced to prevent pollution at the source.
If the air quality is in the very poor tier, stopping the use of diesel generator sets, increasing parking fees three to four times and increasing the frequency of Metro and bus services put into action.
If the air quality is in the moderate to poor tier- stopping garbage burning in landfills and other places, enforcing all pollution control regulations in brick kilns and industries would be implemented.
If the air quality falls in the emergency category, then measures like stopping entry of trucks into Delhi (except essential commodities), stopping construction activities, shutting of school and appointment of the task force to take the decision on any additional steps would be put into action.
If the air quality comes in the severe category, additional measures would be implemented of increasing frequency of mechanised cleaning of roads, the sprinkling of water on roads and identifying road stretches with high dust generation.
The Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) has directed the Transport Department and the Traffic Police to intensify checking of polluting vehicles and control travel congestion in the region.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has created social media accounts on Twitter and Facebook, where the citizens can lodge their complaints about pollution in their areas.
Concerned over the worsening quality of air in the national capital, Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority suggested a ban on all the private vehicles without Compressed Natural Gas (CNG).
The University of Chicago has launched a new tool called Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). It will help to measure the impact of toxic air quality on people and quantifies air quality data as the number of years lost to air pollution.
According to this data, Indians will lose an average of 4.3 years of their life due to air pollution.
Due to the rising pollution in the nation’s capital, the authorities are planning to create artificial clouds for getting rains to remove pollutants from the air.
The cloud seeding procedure will happen only after the meteorological conditions are stable in the state